Lessons Learned: A Year After the Fall of Aleppo


Abdullah Almousa identifies three main reasons for the fall of Aleppo in late 2016.

1. Infighting between some groups in Aleppo city, especially the attacks of Jabhat al-Nusra and the Zenki movement against the Fastaqim Union that led to a collapse of defense lines. 

2. The withdrawal of large groups like Nusra, Ahrar al-Sham and Liwa al-Tawheed into the countryside. That withdrawal began with the outbreak of an all-out war between ISIS and the armed opposition in early 2014 and left Aleppo's defense to weaker groups.

3. Limited support provided by the Turkish based operations room (MOM), a shortage of heavy weapons and ammunition in particular.


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