A Robot’s Expressive Language Affects Human Strategy and Perceptions in a Competitive Game


Holy shit—AI researchers are giving their systems a competitive edge by teaching them to trash talk:

As robots are increasingly endowed with social and communicative capabilities, they will interact with humans in more settings, both collaborative and competitive. We explore human-robot relationships in the context of a competitive Stackelberg Security Game. We vary humanoid robot expressive language (in the form of “encouraging” or “discouraging” verbal commentary) and measure the impact on participants’ rationality, strategy prioritization, mood, and perceptions of the robot. We learn that a robot opponent that makes discouraging comments causes a human to play a game less rationally and to perceive the robot more negatively.



Want to receive more content like this in your inbox?